This is because new sediments are always laid down on top of sediments that have already been deposited.

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Sometimes, scientists already know the age of the fossil because fossils of the same species have been found elsewhere and it has been possible to establish accurately from those when the dinosaur lived.

Geologists call this the principle of lateral continuity.

A fossil will always be younger than fossils in the beds beneath it and this is called the principle of superposition.

In an undisturbed sequence of rocks, such as in a cliff face, it is easy to get a rough idea of the ages of the individual strata – the oldest lies at the bottom and the youngest lies at the top.

The Age of Dinosaurs was so many millions of years ago that it is very difficult to date exactly.

Scientists use two kinds of dating techniques to work out the age of rocks and fossils. This considers the positions of the different rocks in sequence (in relation to each other) and the different types of fossil that are found in them.

The second method is called absolute dating and is done by analysing the amount of radioactive decay in the minerals of the rocks.

Scientists find out the age of a dinosaur fossil by dating not only the rocks in which it lies, but those below and above it.

Ammonites, shelled relatives of today’s octopus, make ideal index fossils.