The Christian basilica are found throughout the country (Zenica, Visoko, Mostar, Široki Brijeg...), and their carved stone stonework influenced the first original medieval Bosnian art, found on tombstones – stećak.The Charter of Ban Kulin is the symbolic birth certificate of Bosnia's statehood, as it is the first written document that refers to Bosnia's borders (between the rivers of Drina, Sava and Una) and the elements of the Bosnian state - the ruler, throne and political organization.

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The most important item in the National Museum in Sarajevo is the Sarajevo Haggadah, a Jewish illuminated codex originally from 12th century Spain.

Other important items include Hrvojev’s mass (Hrvojev misal) and Hval’s codex (Hvalov zbornik), both Bosnian books of liturgy produced in Croatia at the start of the 15th century, a 16th-century Kur’an and Leontiev’s New Testament (Leontijevo četverojevanđelje).

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a rich literary heritage.

During the Bronze Age, the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina was occupied by Illyrian tribes such as the Japods in Bihać and the Daors in Daorson, near Stolac.

They were directly influenced by the Greeks, as seen in Daorson especially.

The Illyrians were conquered by the Romans, who left roads, bridges, and beautiful villas with mosaics all over Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The best preserved examples are at Mogorjelo near Čapljina and the mosaics at Stolac (dating from the 3rd century).

The rock-carving by an artist found in Badanj Cave near the city of Stolac dates back to Paleolithic times (c. It represents the death of a horse under a rain of arrows.

It is the oldest Paleolithic finding in southeast Europe.

There is also a rich legacy of Neolithic culture in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Particularly beautiful items have been found in Butmir near Sarajevo (5000 BC).